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Paper

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Understanding Social Realities of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria (FCT), Abuja


Abstract:

This article examines the social realities of forcibly displaced persons in Nigeria, with a focus on internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Nigeria, Abuja. Internally displaced persons are individuals who have been forced from their homes or habitual places of residence and, unlike refugees, have not crossed the borders of their country. They remain under the primary protection of their governments and often seek refuge in their own countries. This study draws on secondary data sources and primary data collected from two IDPs campsites, arguing that most IDPs in the FCT, displaced by the Boko Haram insurgency live in makeshift and inhumane informal settlements in the peri-urban areas of Abuja City. These settlements also host the urban poor and other economic migrants in the country’s capital, occasionally leading to conflicts between them. The paper calls for the government to recognise the presence and condition of IDPs in the FCT and to work with relevant organisations to provide durable solutions to ensure that displaced persons can once again become productive members of society.

Cite this article:

BA-ANA-ITENEBE, C. A.; EDO, Z. O. (2023). Understanding Social Realities of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria (FCT), Abuja. In: Balkan Social Science Review, Vol. 22, 213-231. https://doi.org/10.46763/BSSR232222213bai

African women’s trajectories and the Casa dos Estudantes do Império, Ethnic and Racial Studies


Abstract:

This article compares the trajectories of different women who crossed the Casa dos Estudantes do Império (CEI), a formal institution created in Lisbon by students from the colonies with the support of the Portuguese dictatorial regime in 1944, that became a platform for anti–colonialism. Due to the role played by the CEI in the political and social paths of the leaders of African national liberation movements, historiography has privileged masculine accounts. In contrast, the roles and lives of women linked to the CEI remain unexplored or approached from a vision of “methodological nationalism”, with few exceptions. Addressing these trajectories from a transnational and “Afro–Iberian” lens and through the scrutiny of several sources allows us to reflect on a diversity of gender, race, class, and political ideology. The final aim is to illuminate some aspects of the Afro–Iberian mosaic from a gendered and postcolonial perspective.

Citation:

Jessica Falconi (2023) African women’s trajectories and the Casa dos Estudantes do Império, Ethnic and Racial Studies, DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2023.2289141

Armed Conflict and Urbanization in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique: A methodology for a critical inquiry


Abstract:

Mainstream urban theory fails to encompass urbanization in Africa. Among its many drivers, armed conflicts displace rural populations to cities, accelerating urban processes and impacting sustainability and governance — the phenomenon of conflict-induced urbanization. In the province of Cabo Delgado, a violent insurgency has been displacing thousands of civilians since 2017; many of whom have fled to the provincial capital Pemba, doubling its population in just 5 years. This article presents the theoretical framework and methodological design for an inquiry located within a contemporary critique of mainstream urban studies; the goal is to analyse conflict-induced urbanization in Pemba with a comparative case study, using participatory visual methods, for which a pilot study took place in September 2022. With this, the author aims to contribute to engaged urban studies in Mozambique and Portugal and to transform the trauma of war into opportunities for sustainable development and prosperity.

Cite this article:

Agostinho do Amaral, S. Armed Conflict and Urbanization in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique: A Methodology for a Critical Inquiry. Urban Forum (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12132-023-09505-y

Os Ismailis Lusófonos, os Aga Khan e Portugal: mais de um século de história (Sec xix-xxi)


Abstract:

The commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the rise to the Imamate of Aga Khan IV, His Highness Prince Karim al Husseini, is a moment of particular significance for Ismailis worldwide, especially for those living in Portugal and Spain. While it is important to underline the recent and highly significant developments with regards to the relations between the current Imam and the Portuguese state, much can be gained from providing an historical perspective on this matter. This paper aims to contribute to such endeavour, by analysing both the stablishment of ties between Aga Khans III and IV and the Portuguese Empire on both sides of the Indian Ocean, as well as by examining the history of the Ismaili community then installed in Mozambique.

Quotation:

Nicole Khouri y Joana Pereira Leite, «Os Ismailis Lusófonos, os Aga Khan e Portugal: mais de um século de história (Sec xix-xxi)», Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez [En línea], 53-2 | 2023, Publicado el 24 noviembre 2023, consultado el 07 diciembre 2023. URL: http://journals.openedition.org/mcv/20283; DOI: https://doi.org/10.4000/mcv.20283

Elementos Históricos e Ficcionalidade em Saga d’Ouro


Abstract:

This essay proposes an analysis of Saga d’Ouro (2019) by the Mozambican author Aurelio Furdela. In this Novel, our author skillfully blends historic information with literary art. The narrative takes place in Mwenemutapa, which covers Zimbabwe and a part of the land that is now Mozambique. Through the different stories of the characters, the author portrays the lives of different groups from various perspectives, including political, economic and cultural. Following H.R. Jauss and the Reception theory, the aim of our analysis is to understand the possible intention and critical relationship between past and present, to consider the current state of Mozambican society and its development model to understand the importance of the historical novel in preserving the memory of the past, avoiding the repetition of mistakes in the present.

Quotation:

Zhu, Anqi & Leite, A. M. (2023). “Elementos Históricos e Ficcionalidade em Saga D’Ouro”, In: A narrativa moçambicana no século XXI. Caderno Seminal Digital (n.º 45). Dialogarts. DOI DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/seminal.2023.79827

Memória e Identidade em Tornado, de Teresa Noronha


Abstract:

This essay proposes a brief study of Tornado (2021), by Teresa Noronha, focusing on the exploration of individual, collective, and post-colonial identities. The methodological framework will rely on a Memory Studies approach, contemplating concepts such as “trauma”, “collective memory”, “feminine countermemory”, and “memory wars”. We aim to recontextualize these conceptual tools beyond Holocaust studies, demonstrating their pertinence for the research put forth here. As such, we present a critical, feminist, and feminine reading of Noronha’s novel focused on its main character.

Quotation:

Aires e Castro, A. & Leite, A. M. (2023). “Memória e Identidade em Tornado, de Teresa Noronha”, In: A narrativa moçambicana no século XXI. Caderno Seminal Digital (n.º 45). Dialogarts. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/seminal.2023.79823

Crimes e Violência no Índico Moçambicano Rabhia de Lucílio Manjate e a Ilha dos Mulatos de Sérgio Raimundo


Abstract:

This article focuses on two contemporary Mozambican novels: Rabhia by Lucílio Manjate, published in 2017 and A Ilha dos Mulatos by Sérgio Raimundo, published in 2020. Although with different structures and narrative options, as will be seen throughout the article, both the novels look at contemporary Mozambican society through the prism of crime and mystery, providing a multifaceted portrait of post-coloniality in this African country. As will be seen, in these narratives, postcoloniality emerges marked by conflicting memories and complex gender, racial and inter-generational relations, as the result of the multiple situations of violence experienced by the country during historical, political and economic transitions. On the other hand, in both narratives, the representation of the millenary historical and identity relationship between Mozambique and the universe of the Indian Ocean will be analysed, approaching the topics of migration, racial and cultural miscegenation, as well as the diffusion of Islam as a transnational religious and cultural element.

Quotation:

Falconi, J. (2023). “Crimes e Violência no Índico Moçambicano Rabhia de Lucílio Manjate e a Ilha dos Mulatos de Sérgio Raimundo”, In: A narrativa moçambicana no século XXI. Caderno Seminal Digital (n.º 45). Dialogarts. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/seminal.2023.79831

A Categoria de Poético e a Meditação sobre a Escrita em Marizza de Mélio Tinga


Abstract:

This essay presents a brief study on the novel Marizza (2021), by Mélio Tinga, based on the study and conception of the poetic record that the narrative organizes, as well as on its metanarrative organization, of meditation on writing. The recomposition of the myth of Orpheus in the novel, as well as a set of fragmentary intertexts that compose it, allows the reader to understand the reflective, and somewhat philosophical, dimension that the author and narrator make about beauty, love, passion and about literary life as an institution (writing, edition, proofreading, reception and circulation of the book).

Quotation:

Jeremias, R. M. & Leite, A. M. (2023). “A Categoria de Poético e a Meditação sobre a Escrita em Marizza de Mélio Tinga”, In: A narrativa moçambicana no século XXI. Caderno Seminal Digital (n.º 45). Dialogarts. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/seminal.2023.79832

Cultura, Cristianismo e Modernidade no Romance Mueda nos Labirintos dos Ritos de Iniciação de Carlos Paradona Rufino Roque


Abstract:

The theme “Culture, Christianity and Modernity in the novel ‘Mueda: nos labirintos dos ritos de iniciação’ by Carlos Paradona Rufino Roque” focuses on the initiation rites of Mozambican culture in the encounter with Christianity and Modernity. Stage of the novel, Mueda is a village in the Cabo Delgado province and the cultural capital of the Makonde people. The aim of the work is to compare the constitutive elements of the initiation rites with the classic myth. Tempering history and fiction, the novel reveals the mysteries of the initiatory liturgy and the syncretic environment of the inhabitants of Mueda, the target of the author’s criticism. The search for the most beautiful young woman through the initiation rites, attracts young people to Mueda. The aim is to conquer the most beautiful woman, which inscribes the novel on the same level as the classical myths such as Paris and Helen or Hippomenes and Atalanta.

Quotation:

Nachivango, P. V. N. & Leite, A. M. (2023). “Cultura, Cristianismo e Modernidade no Romance Mueda nos Labirintos dos Ritos de Iniciação de Carlos Paradona Rufino Roque”, In: A narrativa moçambicana no século XXI. Caderno Seminal Digital (n.º 45). Dialogarts. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/seminal.2023.79834

O Recente Cenário Literário de Maputo: Notas de Campo


Abstract:

Using the ethnographic tool of the “Field Diary”, resulting from participant observation and photographic recordings carried out in Maputo, between September and October 2022, the main objective of the text is to articulate the current literary scenario of the city with its geography, analyzing permanencies and transformations that are established in the constant dispute between memory and oblivion.

Quotation:

Gallo, F. (2023). “O Recente Cenário Literário de Maputo: Notas de Campo”, In: A narrativa moçambicana no século XXI. Caderno Seminal Digital (n.º 45). Dialogarts. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/seminal.2023.79835


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